Whether you are lost camping in the woods, or if you are trying to impress your friends, being able to build a snare is a useful and fantastic way to feed yourself.
If you haven’t got the skills for a bow and arrow, or you want to find a more sneaky way to catch yourself a live meal, snares can be very useful.
Snares are best for catching small game such as rabbits, rodents, birds, and other smaller prey.
If you need to survive in the wilderness, it could be your ticket to success.
Here is how you can make yourself an easy snare, there are also different types that we will look into for you, so you know how to make a snare for every situation.
Things you may need
- Noose material; cords or wires will work.
- A sapling or strong tree branch as long as it is sturdy and flexible.
- Two sticks that can be carved into a peg and hook.
To prepare for making a snare you need to gather some materials, some of these things you may need to collect and keep with you whenever you go hiking or camping in the event you need them, they are very useful to have on hand regardless.
- A sturdy noose material, a wire is best. You can use anything as long as it is flexible, not too thin and not too brittle, it must also quickly tighten as well. We suggest; craft wire, earphone cable, stripped car wires, uncoiled springs. If you don’t have any of these, you can use other cords, it just needs to be strong enough to hold a small animal, these things can be shoelaces, dental floss, or even fishing line. If you do not have any of these, you can even use nature; milkweed, dogbane, and cattail are also all good things you can use.
- Track your prey, scout the area, check for signs of droppings, shelters, tracks, feeding and any scratches. Check for a water source nearby, everything needs water and so if there is water and food nearby, your prey will be too.
- Pick your ‘engine’, a sapling or young tree is a good place to start, if it is bendy this is extra useful. If there are no saplings seek around a large tree limb and a large rock, this ‘engine; it should also be fairly flexible, enough so that if it bends to a 90-degree angle it won’t snap.
Types of Snare
Hook Trigger Snare
- It's time to build your hook trigger, you need to carve a mouth, or hook into two sticks, It's a lot like if you link your hands together and pull apart at the elbows. This is the tension that you are looking for. The base needs to be longer than the hook, and the hook can be as small or long as you want, but it must fit into the mouth of the base.
- Plant the base into the ground, carve the shape and then peg it into the ground, its just easier then. Plant it close to your chosen tree sapling.
- Now, tie your cord around the top of the sapling, make sure the knot you chose will not come off, even under tensions, it should be around 6-12 inches from the top, depending on the strength of the sapling. Make sure you test the strength of the sapling before you use it, it must be strong enough to restrain a struggling animal.
- Attach the other end of your cord to your hook and place the hook in the mouth of your pegged base. The base should be the only thing preventing the hook from flying up into the air. Ensure the cord is the appropriate length and the sapling is bent at a 90-degree angle, or around that.
- Now tie your noose to the bottom of the hook, ensure it is securely in place. The hook should be attached to two cords, the noose and the cord connecting it to the sapling.
- Arrange your noose with some bait to draw in your prey. Ensure that the noose is wide enough that it won't miss your target.
Fishing Trigger Snare
Maybe you don’t feel like eating game tonight, maybe it feels like a day for some fish. No problem, we’ve got you with the easy-to-make fish snare trap.
It's easy-peasy to set up, and you only need the same things you are using for the game snare!
- Set up your snare near the waters edge. Find a sapling again like you would for the other, game snare trap. You should test it for strength and flexibility before setting your heart on using it. Have a little recce too, to see if fish use the area and venture close to the location of the sapling.
- Again, even with this fishing snare, use the hook trigger method. You need your two sticks carved with their months and hook and several feet of wire. The main difference between this method being used for game and for fish, is that for catching fish you need to ensure that the soil is compact and will not erode away as you wait for your target. Due to the soil being close to the water it may be saturated and not as solid as dry soil, so check before you set up.
- Attach one end to your hook and place the baited line into the water. Instead of using a noose you will use a baited line to make your catch, much like if you were fishing traditionally. When the fish tugs on the line, the hook will detach and the line will be ready to soar up into the air.
- Be sure that seaweed or algae will not mess up your trap, clear the area of shrubs which could accidentally trigger your snare.
Now you have all you need to know about how to set up a trap to catch yourself a tasty supper even if you are stranded out in the wilderness!